Southeast Georgia Chapter of the American Red Cross
on St. Patrick’s Day, March 17, 1917, the Southeast Georgia
Chapter of the American Red Cross has been serving our
ever expanding community for over ninety five years. The Southeast Georgia Chapter provides oversight for Red Cross services
in a 23 county region. Services provided by your Red Cross in the
past year include:
2,217 local residents who lost their homes when disaster
struck received emergency food, shelter, clothing and
other necessities to make a new start.
5,000 adults and young people attended disaster preparedness
19,254 of our neighbors obtained critical lifesaving
skills in first aid, CPR, aquatic safety and other Red Cross Programs.
18,655 deploying or returning U.S. armed forces members were welcomed
home by Red Cross volunteers at Hunter AAF and Fort
33,869 local military families helped with emergency messages and deployment breifings.
- 82 Adults and young people attended international services presentations.
227 military members and their families received emergency financial aid from
the Landings Coastal Military Family Relief Fund
- 727 volunteers delivered Red Cross services.
American Red Cross, a humanitarian organization led by
volunteers, guided by its Congressional Charter and the
Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross
Movement, will provide relief to victims of disasters
and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
of the American Red Cross
Barton and a circle of acquaintances founded the American
Red Cross in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881. Barton
first heard of the Swiss-inspired International Red Cross
Movement while visiting Europe following the Civil War.
Returning home, she campaigned for an American Red Cross
society and for ratification of the Geneva Convention
protecting the war-injured, which the United States ratified
headed the Red Cross for 23 years, during which time it
conducted its first domestic and overseas disaster relief
efforts, aided the United States military during the Spanish-American
War, and campaigned successfully for the inclusion of
peacetime relief work as part of the International Red
Cross Movement-the so-called "American Amendment"
that initially met with some resistance in Europe.
Red Cross received its first congressional charter in
1900 and a second in 1905, the year after Barton resigned
from the organization. This charter, which remains in
effect today, sets forth the purposes of the organization
that include giving relief to and serving as a medium
of communication between members of the American Armed
Forces and their families and providing national and international
disaster relief and mitigation.
to the First World War, the Red Cross introduced its first
aid, water safety, and public health nursing programs.
With the outbreak of war, the organization experienced
phenomenal growth. The number of local chapters jumped
from 107 in 1914 to 3,864 in 1918 and membership grew
from 17,000 to more than 20 million adult and 11 million
Junior Red Cross members. The public contributed $400
million in funds and material to support Red Cross programs,
including those for American and Allied forces and civilian
refugees. The Red Cross staffed hospitals and ambulance
companies and recruited 20,000 registered nurses to serve
the military. Additional Red Cross nurses came forward
to combat the worldwide influenza epidemic of 1918.
After the war, the Red Cross focused on service to veterans
and enhanced its programs in safety training, accident
prevention, home care for the sick and nutrition education.
It also provided relief for victims of such major disasters
as the Mississippi River floods in 1927 and severe drought
and the Depression during the 1930s.
Second World War called upon the Red Cross to provide
extensive services once again to the U.S. military, Allies,
and civilian war victims. It enrolled more than 104,000
nurses for military service, prepared 27 million packages
for American and Allied prisoners of war, and shipped
more than 300,000 tons of supplies overseas. At the military's
request, the Red Cross also initiated a national blood
program that collected 13.3 million pints of blood for
use by the armed forces.
World War II, the Red Cross introduced the first nationwide
civilian blood program that now supplies nearly 50 percent
of the blood and blood products in this country. The Red
Cross expanded its role in biomedical research and entered
the new field of human tissue banking and distribution.
During the 1990s, it engineered a massive modernization
of its blood services operations to improve the safety
of its blood products. It continued to provide services
to members of the armed forces and their families, including
during the Korean, Vietnam, and Gulf wars. The Red Cross
also expanded its services into such fields as civil defense,
CPR/AED training, HIV/AIDS education, and the provision
of emotional care and support to disaster victims and
their survivors. It helped the federal government form
the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and serves
as its principal supplier of mass care in federally declared
closely associated with the federal government in the
promotion of its objectives, the Red Cross is an independent,
volunteer-led organization, financially supported by voluntary
public contributions and cost-reimbursement charges. A
50-member, all volunteer Board of Governors leads the
organization. The president of the United States, who
is honorary chairman of the Red Cross, appoints eight
governors, including the chairman of the board. The chairman
nominates and the board elects the president of the Red
Cross who is responsible for carrying into effect the
policies and programs of the board. The American Red Cross
works closely with the International Committee of the
Red Cross on matters of international conflict and social,
political, and military unrest. As a member of the International
Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies which
it helped found in 1919, the American Red Cross joins
more than 175 other national societies in bringing aid
to victims of disasters throughout the world.